Hover Take a trip and you can Bee Fly Variety Range
Bee Types Variety
Away from 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee variety (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was actually swept up from inside the Calanques Government Playground thru both online and might bowl pitfall show. It belonged so you’re able to half dozen parents and 38 genera. Megachilidae are some of the most groups-steeped family relations, accompanied by Apidae and you will Halictidae, that have 53, 44, and 43 classes, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is largely brand new wealthiest genus, which have 33 assortment, if you are seven genera have been illustrated regarding the only 1 kinds (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step one [on the internet only] ). Utilising the jackknife 1 and you may dos spiders, this new bee types fullness is simply estimated to get anywhere between ± nine.89 and you may ± . The new viewed richness therefore depicted 71.step 3 to 79.6% of the projected bee fullness ( Desk dos). The Chao1 method projected the latest viewed richness to obtain 76.8% of the potential restriction richness ( Desk dos). The most abundant varieties is simply Apis mellifera L. (276 somebody), which have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 someone, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 people). Sooner, 50 categories (26%) have been portrayed by one private (singletons).
Environment Attributes away from Bees
Concerning your environmental characteristics out of nesting means, i understood 59 single bee varieties nesting over floors, 92 single bee assortment nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic assortment, comparable to 30.7, 47.9, and you may numerous.0% of the over bee assortment fullness, respectively. We notion of four individual variety (bumble bees and honey bees-dos.1%). Eventually, new nesting tastes away from fourteen variety will always be not familiar (seven.3%- Supp Dining table step one [online simply] ). Regarding your flowery diet plan out-of bee classes, i unearthed that 105 brands (54.7%) foraged to your many bush variety (i.decades., generalist variety, polylectic) and you will 51 kinds (twenty six.5%) foraged using one bush family unit members if you don’t you to definitely/pair plant varieties (i.decades., top-notch variety, oligolectic). Into left 36 bee variety (18.8%), this new floral diet plan was not understood (age.g., that have cleptoparasitic kinds). maybe not, really generalist types demonstrated a desires for example otherwise several of bush parents ( Supp Dining table step one [on the web merely] ). Into the 49 singletons, fourteen bee groups (28%) got professionals, and you will 9 bee variety (18%) was indeed cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step 1 [online only] ).
A passionate IUCN updates are readily available to possess 178 diversity (excluding the kinds houses and you may as yet not known brands). More, 47 brands was categorized since data without having (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 varieties have been a minimum worried (LC-69.6%), half dozen varieties had been close endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and something types is believed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table 1 [on the internet simply] ). Three oligolectic groups was one of many seven endangered bee types. A good. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus is specialist towards Fabaceae, D. argentata is largely an expert towards the Caprifoliaceae.
Of 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 brand of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was trapped inside Calanques National Playground. It belonged so you can twenty-four genera ( Supp Desk 2 [on the internet just] ). One particular numerous genera was indeed Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 people), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen individuals), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville from inside the Latreille, 1828 indonesian cupid visitors (13 people), whereas 20 versions (53%) were represented on the singular private ( Supp Desk dos [online merely] ). The latest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was in fact illustrated of your 20 variety, as well as five singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk step 3 [on the internet merely] ). The brand new estimate out of complete variety fullness away-of hover flies and bee flies is between 83 and you will 97 classes by using the jackknife step one and you may dos spiders, respectively. Therefore, the latest seen richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of your estimated hover travel and bee travel fullness ( Table 2).